China: Chinese Policy & Commercial Banks
Currently, communities harmed by Chinese investments abroad have limited options for seeking accountability and redress when those investments threaten or cause harm. From climate change to forced displacement of Indigenous People around the world, the consequences of this accountability gap are severe. We are working to fill this gap, advocating for the creation of accountability offices to address impacts caused by Chinese commercial and policy banks. So far, we are seeing progress.
We have seen the pervasiveness of Chinese finance and its harmful impacts in our own cases, in the requests for support from communities around the world, and in our own research.
In our case in Lamu, Kenya – where we are supporting two community organizations to defend their fragile environment, health, and livelihoods against the proposed Lamu Coal Plant – Chinese finance is the predominant source of financing. Our work has focused on the participation of multilateral development finance institutions in the project. However, the lack of an accountability framework for the Chinese financing means that communities cannot file a formal complaint to the largest investor in the project.
It is estimated that financing through China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) alone could reach nearly $1.3 trillion by 2027 – an amount that will cause further irreversible environmental devastation and human suffering if current approaches continue.
Accountability Counsel is working with Chinese partners and international civil society colleagues to address this gap for the BRI and other Chinese overseas finance in a meaningful way.
Ultimately, we hope to advance the creation of accountability frameworks that meet international best practice so that communities raising social and environmental grievances will receive a response and remedy through an independent, fair, transparent, professional, accessible and effective process.
Recognizing the critical need to address the accountability gap in the Chinese banking sector, Accountability Counsel is sharing our technical expertise and policy advice with Chinese partners and institutions. We are seeing progress as a result of a decade of field-building and a more intensive period of advocacy with the Chinese government over the past three years.
Building off our work with partners around Chinese involvement in the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), and other development finance institutions, Accountability Counsel has participated in a series of five workshops, including ones sponsored by the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission and China Banking Association, among others, to discuss the development of accountability frameworks for Chinese overseas finance. At these workshops, we presented the case for Chinese accountability offices in conversation with Chinese regulators and representatives from Chinese policy and commercial banks, multilateral development banks, existing accountability offices, and some civil society groups. These workshops have explored why environmental and social policies and accountability frameworks for these financial actors are important, and how these policies and frameworks could work for the benefit of all stakeholders.
During the most recent workshop in Shanghai that we describe in a June 12, 2019 opinion piece in the South China Morning Post, the ADB’s Compliance Review Panel presented a draft accountability policy it developed with funding from China, announcing it as the basis for discussion and possible adoption by Chinese financial institutions. The draft reflects many of the best practice principles for an accountability policy, but substantial work is required to move safeguards and accountability forward in the Chinese context.
Accountability Counsel is continuing work with Chinese partners and international civil society colleagues to advance implementation of the draft framework and will remain in communication with Chinese officials as the conversation continues.
“We were thrilled to collaborate with Oxfam Hong Kong in 2019 to translate the report Glass Half Full into Chinese. The report that we co-authored in partnership with 10 other organizations, assessed the effectiveness and performance of 11 accountability offices and their respective institutions. Now it is a timely resource for Chinese policy-makers.” – Natalie Bridgeman Fields, Accountability Counsel
Documents by Release Date
June 2019 – South China Morning Post, by Natalie Bridgeman Fields, “China’s promise of responsible belt and road investments is in the hands of its bankers”
May 2019 – Mandarin Chinese Translation of Glass Half Full, the seminal report on accountability in development finance.
May 2019 – Devdiscourse, “ADB to develop Accountability Mechanism Framework to manage social risks”
February 2018 – The Diplomat, by Natalie Bridgeman Fields, “China Moves Toward Accountability for Overseas Financing”