Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) | Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI)
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is a regional development bank providing loans, grants, and guarantees to fund public and private sector projects in its 26 borrowing countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Created In: 1959
Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
Member Countries: 48
Largest Shareholders: United States
Mission: Through financial and technical support for countries working to reduce poverty and inequality, help improve health and education, and advance infrastructure.
The Accountability Office: Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI)
Established in: 2010
Functions: Consultation (Dispute Resolution), Compliance Review
Projects funded by the IDB must follow the IDB’s general operational policies, sector policies, and procurement of goods and services policy, among others. The IDB also has an Access to Information Policy, which governs public access to information related to the IDB’s operations and IDB-funded projects.
The Accountability Office
The Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI) is designed to address grievances from people who are or who might be negatively affected by IDB-financed operations.
MICI offers two functions:
The Consultation Phase: in this phase, the parties are provided an opportunity to address issues related to harm caused by failures of an IDB-financed project in a flexible and consensual way.
The Compliance Review Phase: in this phase, a panel of experts investigates IDB’s compliance with its own policies. If the panel finds instances of noncompliance the IDB board of directors will decide how to respond, which may involve altering the project.
Submit a complaint to MICI if:
- You are two or more people, a group, organization, or their representative;
- You live in the country receiving IDB project support (unless the person submitting is a representative);
- You are or anticipate being affected by the IDB project;
- You have attempted to resolve your concerns about the project with IDB management; and
- It has been less than 24 months since the last disbursement to the project.
You can request both a consultation and a compliance review, but the consultation phase is conducted first. During the consultation phase, the project ombudsperson will determine eligibility of the complaint and then proceed to consult with the parties. The consultation phase concludes with the filing of a report distributed to the stakeholders, board, and the public, and may include monitoring of any potential agreement reached.
If the consultation phase has been terminated or if the request was deemed not eligible for consultation, an independent panel will determine eligibility for compliance review. If eligible, the panel will investigate whether the bank violated its own operational policies. A compliance report is issued, and the report is given to the parties and made public. The board will decide on any necessary action to address non-compliance, and upon request from the board, the Panel will monitor any implementation actions.
- Past Advocacy
Additional IDB Policies, including its general operational policies, sector policies, and procurement of goods and services policy are available here.
Documents by Release Date
December 2012 – The IDB’s Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) released an Evaluation of the Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism.
September 2011 – Accountability Counsel sent a letter to the IDB’s president and board, requesting action to address issues with the MICI’s functioning and policies that should be improved.
August 2011 – Accountability Counsel sent a briefing paper, critiquing MICI after its first year of operation, discusses problems with implementation of the MICI policy, and requesting action to address the concerns.
February 2010 – The IDB revised MICI policy became operational, after adopting some recommendations from Accountability Counsel and other organizations.
June 2009 – Accountability Counsel sent comments on the IDB’s proposed independent consultation and investigation mechanism draft policy.
April 2009 – The IDB released a proposed independent consultation and investigation mechanism policy and invited comments on its draft policy.