Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) | Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI)

  • Overview

    The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is a regional development bank providing loans, grants, and guarantees to fund public and private sector projects in its 26 borrowing countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

    Created In: 1959

    Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States

    Member Countries: 48

    Largest Shareholders: United States

    Mission: Through financial and technical support for countries working to reduce poverty and inequality, help improve health and education, and advance infrastructure.

    The Accountability Office: Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI)

    Established in: 2010

    Functions: Consultation (Dispute Resolution), Compliance Review

    Visit MICI’s website

    Projects funded by the IDB must follow the IDB’s general operational policies, sector policies, and procurement of goods and services policy, among others. The IDB also has an Access to Information Policy, which governs public access to information related to the IDB’s operations and IDB-funded projects.


    The Accountability Office

    The Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI) is designed to address grievances from people who are or who might be negatively affected by IDB-financed operations.

    MICI offers two functions:

    The Consultation Phase: in this phase, the parties are provided an opportunity to address issues related to harm caused by failures of an IDB-financed project in a flexible and consensual way.

    The Compliance Review Phase: in this phase, a panel of experts investigates IDB’s compliance with its own policies. If the panel finds instances of noncompliance the IDB board of directors will decide how to respond, which may involve altering the project.

    Submit a complaint to MICI if:

    • You are two or more people, a group, organization, or their representative;
    • You live in the country receiving IDB project support (unless the person submitting is a representative);
    • You are or anticipate being affected by the IDB project;
    • You have attempted to resolve your concerns about the project with IDB management; and
    • It has been less than 24 months since the last disbursement to the project.

    You can request both a consultation and a compliance review, but the consultation phase is conducted first. During the consultation phase, the project ombudsperson will determine eligibility of the complaint and then proceed to consult with the parties. The consultation phase concludes with the filing of a report distributed to the stakeholders, board, and the public, and may include monitoring of any potential agreement reached.

    If the consultation phase has been terminated or if the request was deemed not eligible for consultation, an independent panel will determine eligibility for compliance review. If eligible, the panel will investigate whether the bank violated its own operational policies. A compliance report is issued, and the report is given to the parties and made public. The board will decide on any necessary action to address non-compliance, and upon request from the board, the Panel will monitor any implementation actions.

    For more information, see our Accountability Resource Guide or visit MICI’s website.

  • Past Advocacy
  • Documents

    Institutional Documents

    Access to Information Policy

    Revised MICI Policy

    Additional IDB Policies: Available here.


    Documents by Release Date

    Dec 2012 – IDB’s Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) released an Evaluation of the Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism.

    Sep 2011 – Accountability Counsel sent a letter to the IDB President and Board of Directors, calling for action to address issues with MICI’s functioning and policies.

    Aug 2011 – Accountability Counsel submitted a briefing paper, highlighting problems with implementation of the MICI policy, and requesting action to address the concerns.

    Feb 2010 – IDB released its revised MICI policy, after adopting some recommendations from Accountability Counsel and other organizations.

    Jun 2009 – Accountability Counsel submitted comments on the IDB’s proposed independent consultation and investigation mechanism draft policy.

    Apr 2009 – IDB released a proposed independent consultation and investigation mechanism policy and invited comments on its draft policy.